JOB PLACEMENT AND RECRUITMENT UNITS
The first Technical Education and Vocational Training (TEVT) Center established in the country was the Engineering School in 1930. Then came Mechanical Training Center now known as Balaju Technical Training Center, which started its operation in 1962. Various efforts have been made by the government to facilitate the production of basic and middle level manpower in Nepal since then. In the 1960s and 1970s, the government initiated the National Education Committee and the New Education System Plan. This was followed by the Directorate of Technical and Vocational Education (DTVE), in the early 1980s. The Council of Technical Education and Vocational Training (CTEVT) was born in 1989. Almost 40 years have passed since then, and with the passage of time hundreds of private TEVT institutes have mushroomed. Some are private profit making Technical Training Providers (TTPs), while others are established NGOs, INGOs and Government training centers. The objective of most of these training centers is producing basic and middle level trained workforce for employment-oriented training.
Employment oriented training has remained to be one of the areas of emphasis for most TTPs. However, the fact is most of them provide training just for the sake of training. The private TTPs emerged with a profit-making motive, are focusing more on fee-based trainings than placement of trainees afterwards. The NGOs and the INGOs, which are non-profit making organizations, too focus on just imparting trainings with or without collecting fees but do not pay much attention to their placement. In other words, most training institutions have made very little effort to employ the graduates. Research shows that the TTPs seldom record the employment of their graduates, and hardly any tracer studies are conducted. Lack of research makes it difficult to ascertain the situation of the labor market and the rate of employability prevalent for trained human resources. Trend shows that most of the trainings imparted by the TTPs are supply driven rather than demand driven. The reason behind this can also be directed towards the lack of structured research or publicity of such research.
Some TTPs focus to impart training to special group of people (e.g., disadvantaged and differently able). One such TTP is the Sano Thimi Technical School (STTS). Besides STTS, there are other similar organizations working in the field of providing training to special groups. The Nepal Disabled Women Society (NDWS), train women with physical disabilities to be secretaries, computer operators, fashion designers etc. The Association for Blind people provides skill training in basket weaving, furniture making etc. These examples are a solid ground for one to argue that individuals with different abilities can be trained in different aspects with subsequent employment possibilities.
On one hand, thousands of people are being trained by various TTPs every year, while on the other, the enterprises are complaining about the unavailability of skilled human resources in the country. Where have these thousands of trained human resources gone? Some enterprises opt for employing skilled labor from the neighboring country. If there is no dearth of skilled labor within the country then why are the enterprises employing foreigners? The supply of skilled labor is perpetual and so is the demand, but still the problem of unemployment is existent. This demands extra effort for co-ordination between the two, the TTPs and the Enterprises.
Both parties should fully understand what do these trained people do after completing the course? Are they recruited by different enterprises? Or their only alternative is to be self-employed? Does the TTP take an initiative to look for a job for their graduates? The answers to these questions are still unknown due to lack of records and published research. Guiding, counseling and ultimately placing of graduates in an enterprise can be done by establishing a Job Placement Unit within the TTP. The TTPs, which cater to the special groups, must work harder to help their graduates get a job.